Which imaging studies are used in the diagnosis of abdominal hernias?

Updated: Jul 01, 2021
  • Author: Assar A Rather, MBBS, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Imaging studies are not required in the normal workup of a hernia. However, they may be useful in certain scenarios, as follows:

  • Ultrasonography can be used in differentiating masses in the groin or abdominal wall or in differentiating testicular sources of swelling
  • If an incarcerated or strangulated hernia is suspected, upright chest films or flat and upright abdominal films may be obtained
  • Computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography may be necessary if a good examination cannot be obtained, because of the patient’s body habitus, or in order to diagnose a spigelian or obturator hernia

See Workup for more detail.

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