What are local tissue manifestations of local anesthetic toxicity?

Updated: Jan 09, 2019
  • Author: Raffi Kapitanyan, MD; Chief Editor: David Vearrier, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

In addition to numbness and paresthesias, which is expected with normal doses of local anesthetic, very high doses can produce irreversible conduction block within 5 minutes. Peripheral neurotoxicity, such as prolonged sensory and motor deficits, has also been documented. It is hypothesized that a combination of low pH and sodium bisulfite in the mixture can be partially responsible for these changes. Reversible skeletal muscle damage has also been reported.


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