What are strictures in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Updated: Oct 16, 2020
  • Author: Marco G Patti, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Strictures are advanced forms of esophagitis and are caused by circumferential fibrosis due to chronic deep injury. Strictures can result in dysphagia and a short esophagus. Gastroesophageal reflux strictures typically occur in the mid-to-distal esophagus and can be visualized on upper GI tract studies and endoscopy. Presence of a stricture with a history of reflux can also help diagnose GERD. Patients present with dysphagia to solid meals and vomiting of nondigested foods.

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