What are the types of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) dysfunction associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

Updated: Oct 16, 2020
  • Author: Marco G Patti, MD; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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LES dysfunction occurs via one of several mechanisms: transient relaxation of the LES (most common mechanism), permanent LES relaxation, and transient increase of intra-abdominal pressure that overcomes the LES pressure.

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