How is uncomplicated biliary colic distinguished from acute cholecystitis?

Updated: Apr 01, 2019
  • Author: Douglas M Heuman, MD, FACP, FACG, AGAF; Chief Editor: BS Anand, MD  more...
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Answer

Distinguishing uncomplicated biliary colic from acute cholecystitis or other complications is important. Key findings that may be noted include the following:

  • Uncomplicated biliary colic – Pain that is poorly localized and visceral; an essentially benign abdominal examination without rebound or guarding; absence of fever

  • Acute cholecystitis – Well-localized pain in the right upper quadrant, usually with rebound and guarding; positive Murphy sign (nonspecific); frequent presence of fever; absence of peritoneal signs; frequent presence of tachycardia and diaphoresis; in severe cases, absent or hypoactive bowel sounds


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