What are the major risk factors for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)?

Updated: Mar 27, 2020
  • Author: Eloise M Harman, MD; Chief Editor: Michael R Pinsky, MD, CM, Dr(HC), FCCP, FAPS, MCCM  more...
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Given the number of adult studies, major risk factors associated with the development of ARDS include the following:

  • Sepsis

  • Trauma, with or without pulmonary contusion

  • Fractures, particularly multiple fractures and long bone fractures

  • Burns

  • Massive transfusion

  • Pneumonia

  • Aspiration

  • Drug overdose

  • Postperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary bypass

  • Fat embolism

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