What are the chronic complications of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)?

Updated: Oct 11, 2019
  • Author: Daniel M Beyerbach, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Chronic complications include the following:

  • Device-related pain

  • Lead fracture

  • Inappropriate shocks

  • Erosion of device through skin

  • Immunologic rejection – Rare

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