What is the role of vitamin D deficiency in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis?

Updated: Dec 30, 2019
  • Author: Elena R Ladich, MD; Chief Editor: Allen Patrick Burke, MD  more...
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A long term study that began in 1980 to investigate if low vitamin D levels in childhood are related with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in adulthood reported that vitamin D deficiency in childhood may be linked to hardening of the arteries in middle age. [5, 6]

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