What are possible complications of acute pericarditis or the treatments used in its management?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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The following conditions are possible complications of acute pericarditis itself or treatment used in its management:

  • Recurrence in 15-32% of patients

  • Cardiac tamponade

  • Constrictive pericarditis. In addition, liver disease has been reported in asymptomatic constrictive pericarditis

  • Combination of effusive and constrictive pericarditis

  • Noncompressive effusion

  • Cardiac perforation with pericardiocentesis

Bronchopericardial fistula has been reported as a complication of multi–drug-resistant tuberculosis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. [50]

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