What is the role of azotemia in the pathogenesis of uremia pericarditis?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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The precise pathogenetic changes induced by these toxins when causing uremic pericarditis have not been elucidated, although a rough correlation with the degree and the duration of azotemia exists; the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level is usually greater than 60 mg/dL (22 mmol/L). Uremic pericarditis may be associated with hemorrhagic or serous effusion, although considerable overlap exists. Hemorrhagic effusions are more common and result in part from uremia-induced platelet dysfunction.

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