What are the specific causes of acute pericarditis?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Sean Spangler, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Specific causes of pericarditis include the following and are briefly reviewed below:

  • Idiopathic causes

  • Infectious conditions, such as viral, bacterial, and tuberculous infections

  • Inflammatory disorders, such as RA, SLE, scleroderma, and rheumatic fever

  • Metabolic disorders, such as renal failure, hypothyroidism, and hypercholesterolemia

  • Cardiovascular disorders, such as acute MI, Dressler syndrome, and aortic dissection

  • Miscellaneous causes, such as iatrogenic, neoplasms, drugs, irradiation, sarcoidosis, cardiovascular procedures, and trauma

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