What is the prevalence of anemia of chronic disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Updated: Apr 13, 2020
  • Author: Gates B Colbert, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
  • Print


In general, anemia is more common in women, in particular, those in their childbearing years. In the latter decades of life, anemia tends to occur without any particular sex predilection. However, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the risk of developing anemia is 30% higher in males than in females. Although males have higher hemoglobin values, they also have higher rates of advanced CKD. The prevalence of anemia is lower in current smokers, which has been attributed to secondary erythrocytosis.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!