What is the role of bronchoprovocation in the workup of asthma?

Updated: Oct 07, 2019
  • Author: John J Oppenheimer, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

An asthma specialist can perform bronchoprovocation testing with exercise, histamine, methacholine, or eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation. The results from these tests have a very high negative predictive value and are useful for excluding the diagnosis of asthma.

The most common challenge is with increasing doses of inhaled methacholine. A 20% decline in FEV1 with a methacholine concentration of 8 mg/mL or less is considered a positive (abnormal) test result. This testing should be avoided during pregnancy, because of the risk of precipitating an asthma attack and because methacholine is a class C drug (ie, fetal risk revealed in studies in animals but not established or not studied in humans; may use if benefits outweigh risk to fetus).


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