What is the role of immunosuppression in the pathogenesis of organ transplantation-related osteoporosis?

Updated: Jul 02, 2020
  • Author: Carmel M Fratianni, MD, FACE; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Routinely administered posttransplant immunosuppressants play a central role in the pathogenesis of bone loss and fracture. Regimens typically include glucocorticoids (at high dose initially), cyclosporin A (CsA), tacrolimus FK506, azathioprine, or mycophenolate mofetil. Because they are always administered simultaneously, sorting out the independent effects of immunosuppressants from those of glucocorticoids is difficult, if not impossible. Immunosuppressant doses are typically higher in liver and heart transplantations than in renal transplantation, contributing to the more advanced osteopenia seen in those groups.

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