What are the criteria for low risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)?

Updated: Apr 29, 2020
  • Author: Thomas R Moore, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

All pregnant women should be screened for gestational diabetes at 24-28 weeks' gestation—including those with negative test results in the first trimester—unless they are at low risk. To be considered at low risk, a woman must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Age < 25 years

  • Weight normal before pregnancy

  • Member of an ethnic group with a low prevalence of diabetes

  • No known diabetes in first-degree relatives

  • No history of abnormal glucose tolerance

  • No history of poor obstetric outcome


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