Is omega-3 carboxylic acid (Epanova) effective for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia (high triglyceride levels)?

Updated: Jul 23, 2021
  • Author: Mary Ellen T Sweeney, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

An omega-3 carboxylic acid product (Epanova) was approved by the FDA in May 2014. [83] It is the first prescription omega-3 product in free fatty acid form. It is indicated as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride levels in adults with severe hypertriglyceridemia (TGs ≥500 mg/dL).

Approval was based on data from the Phase III EVOLVE (EpanoVa fOr Lowering Very High triglyceridEs) trial. The trial showed a significant decrease in non-HCL-C, ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C, VLDLs, Apo-C, phospholipase A2, and arachidonic acid with omega-3 carboxylic acids over a 12-week period compared with olive oil in patients with TGs ≥500 mg/dL. [84]


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