What is type I hyperlipidemia?

Updated: Jul 23, 2021
  • Author: Mary Ellen T Sweeney, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Type I is a rare disorder characterized by severe elevations in chylomicrons and extremely elevated triglycerides, always reaching well above 1000 mg/dL and not infrequently rising as high as 10,000 mg/dL or more. It is caused by mutations of either the lipoprotein lipase gene (LPL), which is critical for the metabolism of chylomicrons and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), or the gene's cofactor, apolipoprotein (apo) C-II.


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