What are complications of very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs)?

Updated: Jun 09, 2021
  • Author: Osama Hamdy, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Among the major complications to monitor are hair loss, skin thinning, hypothermia, cholelithiasis, and electrolyte derangement. VLCDs have little or no utility in long-term weight management and are probably best used as stopgap measures before bariatric surgery or a long-term, comprehensive weight-loss program in patients with very severe or morbid obesity and associated comorbidities (body mass index [BMI] ≥50).


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