How is cryptococcal chorioretinitis in HIV infection treated?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Luca Rosignoli, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Early diagnosis and treatment of cryptococcal chorioretinitis is important. Combination treatment with flucytosine and intravenous amphotericin B is considered the treatment of choice for disseminated or meningeal cryptococcal infection. However, there have been cases of cryptococcal chorioretinitis successfully treated with intravenous amphotericin B alone. Fluconazole and itraconazole have been reported to be effective in the treatment of cryptococcal chorioretinitis. Early vitrectomy is recommended with persistent vitritis despite treatment.

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