How is neuro-ophthalmologic disease in HIV infection diagnosed?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Luca Rosignoli, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Evaluation of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations in HIV typically includes a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan followed by a lumbar puncture to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for cell count, cytologic studies, culture, and antibody and antigen testing. Computed tomography of the head may be useful for patients with toxoplasmosis and cryptococcus.

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