What is the role of microsporidiosis in the ocular manifestations of HIV infection?

Updated: Jul 21, 2021
  • Author: Luca Rosignoli, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew A Dahl, MD, FACS  more...
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Microsporidia are intracellular protozoa that have emerged as important opportunistic parasitic organisms in HIV-positive patients. Five species have been identified in patients who are HIV positive.

Immunosuppression predisposes patients who are HIV positive to infection by microsporidia. In general, ocular involvement of microsporidia is very rare, although the organism is capable of causing corneal and conjunctival infection. [9]

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