What is the role of EMG channel in polysomnography (PSG)?

Updated: Apr 29, 2020
  • Author: Carmel Armon, MD, MSc, MHS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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One EMG channel (usually chin or mentalis and/or submentalis) is used to record atonia during REM sleep or lack of atonia in patients with REM-related parasomnias. To assess bruxism, the EMG electrodes can be placed over the masseter. The EMG recording from other muscle groups is assessed for other sleep disorders. For example, the anterior tibialis EMG is helpful for assessing periodic limb movements during sleep and the intercostal EMG is used as adjunctive help for determining effort during respiratory events.

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