What effect does cardiovascular disease or renal dysfunction have on the morbidity and mortality of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2021
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Cardiovascular disease or renal dysfunction increases surgical morbidity and mortality, and diabetic autonomic neuropathy increases the risk of cardiovascular instability. The emergency physician caring for patients with diabetes who require emergency surgery must notify the surgeon and the anesthesiologist of the patient’s condition, consult medical specialists when appropriate, and promptly initiate a thorough medical evaluation.

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