What are the dangers of nephrotoxic agents in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2021
  • Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Extreme care should be exercised whenever any nephrotoxic agent is used in a patient with diabetes. Potentially nephrotoxic drugs should be avoided whenever possible. Renally excreted or potentially nephrotoxic drugs should be given at reduced doses appropriate to the patient’s serum creatinine level. (See Diabetic Nephropathy.)

In particular, caution should be exercised when contrast-enhanced radiologic studies are being considered in patients with diabetes who have a creatinine level higher than 2 mg/dL. Indeed, such studies should absolutely be avoided in patients with a creatinine level higher than 3 mg/dL.

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