Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants, Other are used in the treatment of Aseptic Meningitis?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Anticonvulsants, Other

Anticonvulsants help to aggressively control seizures if present in acute meningitis, because seizure activity increases intracranial pressure.

Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)

Phenytoin works on the motor cortex, where it may inhibit the spread of seizure activity. The activity of brain stem centers responsible for the tonic phase of grand mal seizures may also be inhibited. Doses should be individualized. Doses of 15 mg/kg have been used.

Phenobarbital

Phenobarbital elevates the seizure threshold, limits the spread of seizure activity, and is a sedative. Doses of 5-10 mg/kg have been recommended.


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