How is Mollaret meningitis diagnosed?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Diagnosis of Mollaret meningitis

Mollaret meningitis is characterized by recurrent episodes of severe headache, meningismus, and fever. These episodes resolve spontaneously and are followed by symptom-free periods of weeks to months

Transient neurological abnormalities, including seizures, diplopia, pathologic reflexes, cranial nerve pareses, hallucinations, and coma, occur in as many as 50% of patients. Cases without fever, with increased CSF gamma globulin and transient neurological signs and symptoms, have been reported.


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