How is fungal meningitis diagnosed?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Tarakad S Ramachandran, MBBS, MBA, MPH, FAAN, FACP, FAHA, FRCP, FRCPC, FRS, LRCP, MRCP, MRCS; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Diagnosis of fungal meningitis

Fungal meningitis occurs primarily in patients with AIDS and after organ transplantation, immunosuppressive chemotherapy, or long-term corticosteroid therapy. Nonetheless, disease from the most common fungal meningitis pathogen, Cryptococcus neoformans, can occur in immunocompetent patients. Performing a cryptococcal antigen assay on CSF can be helpful in these situations.


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