Which clinical history findings are characteristic of CNS toxoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients?

Updated: Jul 11, 2017
  • Author: Gulshan Uppal, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Answer

CNS toxoplasmosis begins with encephalitis and constitutional symptoms and headache. Fever is usually but not always present. Later, confusion and drowsiness, seizures, focal weakness, and language disturbance develop. Without treatment, patients progress to coma in days to weeks.

Extracerebral involvement can also be seen including but not limited to pneumonitis, chorioretinitis, etc.


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