What is the treatment for Devic syndrome associated with CNS lupus?

Updated: May 04, 2021
  • Author: Pradeep C Bollu, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

The treatment of Devic syndrome (neuromyelitis optica) in isolated myelopathy or optic neuropathy associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APLS) or lupus needs further study. In view of their lack of pathologic similarity to classical multiple sclerosis, treatments such as interferon-beta cannot be justified. Also, there is no hard evidence to support the use of anticoagulation, in the absence of evidence for progressive ischemia of isolated anatomic sites. Therefore, therapy is generally aimed at circulating pathogenic antibodies, with steroids and cyclophosphamide. Plasma exchange has proven effective in nonlupus Devic disease. Because of the analogy with nonlupus Devic disease, plasma exchange is also an attractive alternative in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)–Devic disease. [49]


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