What is dimethyl fumarate (DMF), and how does it work to treat multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an oral Nrf2 pathway activator indicated for relapsing forms of MS. The active metabolite, monomethyl fumarate (MMF), activates the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) pathway, a transcription factor encoded by the NFE2L2 gene.

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