How is bladder dysfunction characterized in multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Updated: Oct 08, 2019
  • Author: Christopher Luzzio, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Urinary symptoms are common in MS, with most patients experiencing problems at some point in their disease. Bladder problems are a source of significant morbidity, affecting the person's family, social, and work responsibilities. Bladder dysfunction can be classified as failure to store, failure to empty, or both. Patients with impaired storage have a small, spastic bladder with hypercontractility of the detrusor muscle. Symptoms experienced may include urgency, frequency, incontinence, and nocturia. MS patients with advancing disability and impaired bladder function may experience recurrent urinary tract infections.

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