Which memory functions decrease with age?

Updated: Apr 22, 2019
  • Author: Sonal Mehta, MD; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA  more...
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Memory functions that decrease with age include the following:

  • Working memory - Holding and manipulating information in the mind, as when reorganizing a short list of words into alphabetical order [11] ; verbal and visuospatial working speed, memory, and learning, with visuospatial cognition more affected by aging than verbal cognition [12]

  • Episodic memory – Personal events and experiences [11]

  • Processing speed [13]

  • Prospective memory – The ability to remember to perform an action in the future (eg, remembering to fulfill an appointment or take a medication [11] )

  • Ability to remember new text information, to make inferences about new text information, to access prior knowledge in long-term memory, and to integrate prior knowledge with new text information [14]

  • Recollection [15]

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