How are dermatophytes transmitted in tinea capitis (scalp ringworm)?

Updated: Feb 21, 2020
  • Author: Marc Zachary Handler, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Infection of the scalp by dermatophytes usually is the result of person-to-person transmission. The organism remains viable on combs, brushes, couches, and sheets for long periods. Certain species of dermatophytes are endemic only in particular parts of the world. Zoophilic fungal infections of the scalp are rare.

In the United States, T tonsurans has replaced M audouinii and M canis as the most common cause of tinea capitis. T tonsurans also is the most common cause of the disease in Canada, Mexico, and Central America.

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