What is the global incidence of tinea capitis (scalp ringworm)?

Updated: Feb 21, 2020
  • Author: Marc Zachary Handler, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Tinea capitis is widespread in some urban areas, particularly in children of Afro-Caribbean extraction, in North America, Central America, and South America. It is common in parts of Africa and India. [8, 9, 10, 11] In Ethiopia, the incidence of tinea capitis is 8.7% among children aged 4-14 years. [12] In Southeast Asia, the rate of infection has been reported to have decreased dramatically from 14% (average of male and female children) to 1.2% in the last 50 years because of improved general sanitary conditions and personal hygiene. In northern Europe, the disease is sporadic.

In the United Kingdom and North America, T tonsurans accounts for greater than 90% of cases of infection . [13] In the nonurban communities, sporadic infections acquired from puppies and kittens are due to M canis, which accounts for less than 10% of cases in the United Kingdom. Occasional infection from other animal hosts (eg, T verrucosum from cattle) occurs in rural areas.

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