How are tension headaches diagnosed and treated?

Updated: Jan 29, 2020
  • Author: Tejas Raval, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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A tension headache causes mild-to-moderate pain that is typically bilateral and nonpulsatile. Associated features are usually absent, but the headache may improve with physical activity. The most common triggers is stress. [2] Depression and anxiety also play a role in tension and cluster headaches. [19, 20]

Relaxation training, stress management, and counseling have been shown to be beneficial. [21, 22] If frequent headache occurs, antidepressant medication is warranted. Acute attacks can be treated with limited usage of analgesics. [2]

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