Which environmental factors and comorbidities must be controlled as part of the management of pediatric asthma?

Updated: Jan 08, 2019
  • Author: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Kenan Haver, MD  more...
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Answer

As mentioned above, environmental exposures and irritants can play a strong role in symptom exacerbations. Therefore, in patients who have persistent asthma, the use of skin testing or in vitro testing to assess sensitivity to perennial indoor allergens is important. Once the offending allergens are identified, counsel patients on avoidance from these exposures. In addition, education to avoid tobacco smoke (both first-hand and second-hand exposure) is important for patients with asthma.

Lastly, comorbid conditions that may affect asthma must be diagnosed and appropriately managed. These include the following:

  • Bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Rhinitis

  • Sinusitis

  • Depression

  • Stress

  • Low vitamin D levels


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