What are the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines for pediatric asthma care?

Updated: Jan 08, 2019
  • Author: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Kenan Haver, MD  more...
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Answer

Guidelines from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program emphasize the following components of asthma care [2] :

  • Assessment and monitoring: In order to assess asthma control and adjust therapy, impairment and risk must be assessed; because asthma varies over time, follow-up every 2-6 weeks is initially necessary (when gaining control of the disease), and then every 1-6 months thereafter

  • Education: Self-management education should focus on teaching patients the importance of recognizing their own level of control and signs of progressively worsening asthma symptoms; educational strategies should also focus on environmental control and avoidance strategies, as well as on medication use and adherence (eg, correct inhaler techniques and use of other devices)

  • Control of environmental factors and comorbid conditions

  • Pharmacologic treatment

  • Pharmacologic treatment


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